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Object Dictionary#

The object dictionary component provides the interface to object entries in the object dictionary.

Module Context#

classDiagram
  CO_NODE o-- CO_DICT : Node
  CO_OBJ o-- CO_DICT : Root
  CO_ERR -- CO_DICT
  class CO_DICT {
    -uint16_t Num
    -uint16_t Max
    +CODictFind(key) CO_OBJ
    +CODictRdBuffer(key, destination, length) CO_ERR
    +CODictRdByte(key, destination) CO_ERR
    +CODictRdLong(key, destination) CO_ERR
    +CODictRdWord(key, destination) CO_ERR
    +CODictWrBuffer(key, source, length) CO_ERR
    +CODictWrByte(key, value) CO_ERR
    +CODictWrLong(key, value) CO_ERR
    +CODictWrWord(key, value) CO_ERR
  }
  class CO_ERR {
    <<enumeration>>
  }

Structure Data#

The class CO_DICT is defined within co_dict.h and is responsible for the object dictionary handling functions. The following data members are allocated in this class:

Data Member Type Description
Max uint16_t maximum number of objects in dictionary
Node CO_NODE* pointer to parent node
Num uint16_t current number of objects in dictionary
Root CO_OBJ* pointer to the first object in object dictionary

Info

The data within this structure must never be manipulated without the corresponding class member functions. This can lead to unpredictable behavior of the node.

Member Functions#

Warning

The access with the member functions of this class to an object entry must be done with the correct width. There is no casting of the object entry values to the requested value types.

The following table describes the API functions of the object dictionary module. These functions are implemented within the source file: co_dict.c/h

CODictFind()#

The function is often called from the application to get an object entry. If an object entry is not found, this generates no stack error.

Prototype

CO_OBJ *CODictFind(CO_DICT *cod, uint32_t key);

Arguments

Parameter Description
cod pointer to the object dictionary
key object entry key; should be generated with CO_DEV

Returned Value

  • >0 : pointer to identified object entry
  • =0 : object entry is not found

Example

The following example checks the existence of the mandatory object entry "[1017:00] - Heartbeat" within the object dictionary of the CANopen node AppNode.

CO_OBJ *obj;
  :
obj = CODictFind(&(Appnode.Dict), CO_DEV(0x1017, 0x00));
if (obj == 0) {

  /* object [1017:00] is missing */

} else {

  /* object [1017:00] is available */

}
  :

Note

When using a static object dictionary, you can store and reuse the pointer to the identified object entry with the Object Entry access functions. The pointer to the object entry will NOT change during runtime in a static object dictionary.

CODictRdBuffer()#

The object entry is addressed with the given key and the bytes will be read from the dictionary and copied to the given destination buffer with the given length.

Prototype

CO_ERR CODictRdBuffer(CO_DICT  *cod,
                      uint32_t  key,
                      uint8_t  *buffer,
                      uint32_t  length);

Arguments

Parameter Description
cod pointer to the object dictionary
key object entry key; should be generated with CO_DEV
buffer pointer to the destination bytes
length length of destination buffer in number of bytes

Returned Value

  • == CO_ERR_NONE : successful operation
  • != CO_ERR_NONE : an error is detected

Example

The following example reads the value to the hypothetical application-specific object entry "[1234:56]" within the object dictionary of the CANopen node AppNode.

CO_ERR  err;
uint8_t buffer[10];
  :
err = CODictRdBuffer(&(Appnode.Dict), CO_DEV(0x1234, 0x56), buffer, 10);
if (err != CO_ERR_NONE) {

  /* object [1234:56] is missing or error during writing */

}
  :

CODictRdByte()#

The object entry is addressed with the given key and the value will be written to the given destination pointer.

Prototype

CO_ERR CODictRdByte(CO_DICT *cod, uint32_t key, uint8_t *value);

Arguments

Parameter Description
cod pointer to the object dictionary
key object entry key; should be generated with CO_DEV
value pointer to value destination

Returned Value

  • == CO_ERR_NONE : successful operation
  • != CO_ERR_NONE : an error is detected

Example

The following example reads the current value of the hypothetical application-specific object entry "[1234:56]" within the object dictionary of the CANopen node AppNode.

CO_ERR  err;
uint8_t value;
  :
err = CODictRdByte(&(Appnode.Dict), CO_DEV(0x1234, 0x56), &value);
if (err != CO_ERR_NONE) {

  /* object [1234:56] is missing or error during reading */

} else {

  /* value holds the content of object [1234:56] */

}
  :

Note

This function uses CODictFind() on each function call. To improve access performance for multiple accesses to a single object entry, the application may use CODictFind() once and COObjRdValue() multiple times.

CODictRdLong()#

The object entry is addressed with the given key and the value will be written to the given destination pointer.

Prototype

CO_ERR CODictRdLong(CO_DICT *cod, uint32_t key, uint32_t *value);

Arguments

Parameter Description
cod pointer to the object dictionary
key object entry key; should be generated with CO_DEV
value pointer to value destination

Returned Value

  • == CO_ERR_NONE : successful operation
  • != CO_ERR_NONE : an error is detected

Example

The following example reads the current value of the hypothetical application-specific object entry "[1234:56]" within the object dictionary of the CANopen node AppNode.

CO_ERR   err;
uint32_t value;
  :
err = CODictRdLong(&(Appnode.Dict), CO_DEV(0x1234, 0x56), &value);
if (err != CO_ERR_NONE) {

  /* object [1234:56] is missing or error during reading */

} else {

  /* value holds the content of object [1234:56] */

}
  :

Note

This function uses CODictFind() on each function call. To improve access performance for multiple accesses to a single object entry, the application may use CODictFind() once and COObjRdValue() multiple times.

CODictRdWord()#

The object entry is addressed with the given key and the value will be written to the given destination pointer.

Prototype

CO_ERR CODictRdWord(CO_DICT *cod, uint32_t key, uint16_t *value);

Arguments

Parameter Description
cod pointer to the object dictionary
key object entry key; should be generated with CO_DEV
value pointer to value destination

Returned Value

  • == CO_ERR_NONE : successful operation
  • != CO_ERR_NONE : an error is detected

Example

The following example reads the current value of the hypothetical application-specific object entry "[1234:56]" within the object dictionary of the CANopen node AppNode.

CO_ERR    err;
uint16_t  value;
  :
err = CODictRdWord(&(Appnode.Dict), CO_DEV(0x1234, 0x56), &value);
if (err != CO_ERR_NONE) {

  /* object [1234:56] is missing or error during reading */

} else {

  /* value holds the content of object [1234:56] */

}
  :

Note

This function uses CODictFind() on each function call. To improve access performance for multiple accesses to a single object entry, the application may use CODictFind() once and COObjRdValue() multiple times.

CODictWrBuffer()#

The object entry is addressed with the given key and the bytes will be read from to the given source buffer of the given length.

Prototype

CO_ERR CODictWrBuffer(CO_DICT  *cod,
                      uint32_t  key,
                      uint8_t  *buffer,
                      uint32_t  length);

Arguments

Parameter Description
cod pointer to the object dictionary
key object entry key; should be generated with CO_DEV
buffer pointer to the source bytes
length length of source buffer

Returned Value

  • == CO_ERR_NONE : successful operation
  • != CO_ERR_NONE : an error is detected

Example

The following example writes the value to the hypothetical application-specific object entry "[1234:56]" within the object dictionary of the CANopen node AppNode.

CO_ERR  err;
uint8_t buffer[10] = { 'a','b','c','d','e','f','g','h','i', 0 };
  :
err = CODictWrBuffer(&(Appnode.Dict), CO_DEV(0x1234, 0x56), buffer, 10);
if (err != CO_ERR_NONE) {

  /* object [1234:56] is missing or error during writing */

}
  :

CODictWrByte()#

The object entry is addressed with the given key.

Prototype

CO_ERR CODictWrByte(CO_DICT *cod, uint32_t key, uint8_t value);

Arguments

Parameter Description
cod pointer to the object dictionary
key object entry key; should be generated with CO_DEV
value the source value

Returned Value

  • == CO_ERR_NONE : successful operation
  • != CO_ERR_NONE : an error is detected

Example

The following example writes the value to the hypothetical application-specific object entry "[1234:56]" within the object dictionary of the CANopen node AppNode.

CO_ERR  err;
uint8_t value = 0x30;
  :
err = CODictWrByte(&(Appnode.Dict), CO_DEV(0x1234, 0x56), value);
if (err != CO_ERR_NONE) {

  /* object [1234:56] is missing or error during writing */

}
  :

Note

This function uses CODictFind() on each function call. To improve access performance for multiple accesses to a single object entry, the application may use CODictFind() once and COObjWrValue() multiple times.

CODictWrLong()#

The object entry is addressed with the given key.

Prototype

CO_ERR CODictWrLong(CO_DICT *cod, uint32_t key, uint32_t value);

Arguments

Parameter Description
cod pointer to the object dictionary
key object entry key; should be generated with CO_DEV
value the source value

Returned Value

  • == CO_ERR_NONE : successful operation
  • != CO_ERR_NONE : an error is detected

Example

The following example writes the value to the hypothetical application-specific object entry "[1234:56]" within the object dictionary of the CANopen node AppNode.

CO_ERR   err;
uint32_t value = 0x30;
  :
err = CODictWrLong(&(Appnode.Dict), CO_DEV(0x1234, 0x56), value);
if (err != CO_ERR_NONE) {

  /* object [1234:56] is missing or error during writing */

}
  :

Note

This function uses CODictFind() on each function call. To improve access performance for multiple accesses to a single object entry, the application may use CODictFind() once and COObjWrValue() multiple times.

CODictWrWord()#

The object entry is addressed with the given key.

Prototype

CO_ERR CODictWrWord(CO_DICT *cod, uint32_t key, uint16_t value);

Arguments

Parameter Description
cod pointer to the object dictionary
key object entry key; should be generated with CO_DEV
value the source value

Returned Value

  • == CO_ERR_NONE : successful operation
  • != CO_ERR_NONE : an error is detected

Example

The following example writes the value to the hypothetical application-specific object entry "[1234:56]" within the object dictionary of the CANopen node AppNode.

CO_ERR   err;
uint16_t value = 0x30;
  :
err = CODictWrWord(&(Appnode.Dict), CO_DEV(0x1234, 0x56), value);
if (err != CO_ERR_NONE) {

  /* object [1234:56] is missing or error during writing */

}
  :

Note

This function uses CODictFind() on each function call. To improve access performance for multiple accesses to a single object entry, the application may use CODictFind() once and COObjWrValue() multiple times.